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Handling a firearm

  • 27 June 2017 13:11:59
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Firepower of modern infantry units - machine guns, machine guns, rocket-propelled grenade - allow to solve a wide range of fire missions - by the suppression of manpower and fire weapons to destroy its tanks and low-flying aircraft and helicopters. Accurate, skillfully organized fire of all kinds of weapons of motorized rifle division in conjunction with fire attached and supporting firepower is the basis for success in battle. Methods and types of fire should be elected with the expectation of drawing the enemy the greatest defeat in the shortest possible time and with the least consumption of ammunition. The organization of such a fire requires from the commanders of motorized infantry units a conscious understanding and firm knowledge of the rules of shooting from all types of weapons. The solution to this problem is facilitated by the fact that, despite some differences in the methods and rules of shooting from certain types of weapons, fire mission execution of all firearms held on essentially the same scheme.
For example, the firing of any weapon is usually composed of three elements: preparation of the shooting, ranging and shooting to kill. For small arms in most cases ranging and shooting to kill proceed as a single stage, the content and meaning of the rules of firing small arms fully reflect the general provisions of the rules zeroing and firing at the defeat of any firearm.
Preparation of the shooting as a whole has the task of ensuring, as soon as possible, the readiness of fire weapons to open fire. This includes the whole range of issues related to the preparation of firepower to carry out combat missions. These questions can be divided into pre-deployment training of shooting and training input data for firing at a specific target.
By preliminary preparations include study areas and exploration targets; choice of location and the occupied position for firing and command and observation posts; The preparation of weapons, ammunition, instruments, the determination of the initial data for firing at sites and lines of the likely appearance of the enemy, that is, all activities conducted prior to receipt from the senior commander of the firing task or until the target is found to be defeated. In the preliminary preparation of shooting, the task of timely detection of the enemy, identifying the most important and dangerous targets in its combat order, is of particular importance.
In order to explore the local area and the timely detection of the enemy in all infantry units, a system of surveillance, which consists of a command and observation posts, observation posts and observers.
The battalion usually organizes one or two observation posts in the composition of two or three observers; One or two observers are appointed in the company; In a platoon, compartment, crew and calculation - one observer.
The entire strip of terrain in front of the front and on the flanks of the units allocated between the observer and observation posts. They are assigned surveillance bands so that they overlap each other.
The task is assigned to the observers by the unit commander personally from the place from which the whole observation belt is viewed. The problem of the commander usually specifies: landmarks; Information about the enemy (what the enemy does, where he is or when his appearance is expected); Place for observation; The observation band; What to pay special attention to; The order of the report on the results of observation (about what, when and how to report).
Observation is conducted with the naked eye, with the help of binoculars or another optical device, and at night - with the use of night vision devices.
The observation begins with a detailed study of the terrain in the given band from right to left, first in the near zone (up to 400 m), then in the middle zone (400-800 m) and finally in the far zone (800 m and further).
The observer should appoint a well-trained, intelligent soldier, capable of exerting self-control during intense tensions. Observers should know the appearance of typical goals and the signs by which they can be detected; Should notice in the observation strip such "small things" as the swaying of branches and bushes in windless weather, the appearance of new small local objects, changes in the form, position and color of local objects, and so on.
At night, the enemy can be detected by sounds, flashes of light-even by outbreaks of matches and burning cigarettes, silhouetted against the light sky, by the characteristic shadows from military equipment and people with short-term illumination of the area by illuminating devices.
Observers should be taught the methods of target designation; Their reports on the detected goal should be concise, clear and accurate. For example: "Straight wide bush, to the right - a machine gun"; "Landmark second, left forty, further two hundred, gun"; "Landmark the third, to the right two fingers, closer fifty, the tank in the trench."
The second stage of shooting preparation begins from the moment of detection of the target to be defeated, or from the moment of receiving the fire task from the senior commander. This stage is the preparation of the initial data for fire on the target. This includes the choice of weapons to solve this fire problem, the choice of the method of shooting and the determination of the initial settings for the opening of the fire - the sight, the goal, the aiming point (the aiming mark - when firing with optical sights). It is clear that this stage often takes place in sharply limited time, measured in minutes, and sometimes in seconds.
The motorized rifle units in the offensive conduct mainly fire on the move and from short stops, in the conditions of a constantly changing situation, when decisions and calculations for the opening of the fire must be carried out as soon as possible. On the march, when encountering an enemy, the speed of opening a fire is often crucial to the outcome of the battle. Even on the defensive, when it is possible to prepare in advance the initial data for firing along the lines of the probable appearance of the enemy, it may often be necessary to open fire immediately for suddenly appearing targets.
Thus, in all cases, one of the primary requirements for the preparation of initial data for firing is the speed with which it is executed.
Handling a firearm
Handling a firearm
Handling a firearm
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