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Technique of pulling the trigger

  • 14 April 2017 15:13:22
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To overcome the aforementioned pulling force of 1.5 kg (and sometimes even higher), the shooter must apply the same force on the index, shooting finger. But in order not to strain the right hand (as indicated, to strain the right arm and the right shoulder in no case be impossible), the shooter is forced to "grab" the fingers of his right hand into the neck of the butt of a store three-line rifle or into the pistol grip of an automatic weapon. Thus, the shooter will fix the stable position of the hand on the weapon and "turn off" (he must turn off) the rest of the right hand from the trigger release process.
But that is not all. The shooter must exclude the influence of the hand on the process and the results of the trigger release. The fact is that the above 1.5 kg on the descent are distributed both on the index finger, shooting finger, and on the other fingers holding the hand on the butt. A kind of balance is created, which exists until the trigger is released. As soon as the trigger is released, the above 1.5 kg on the descent disappear, and on the remaining fingers compressing the neck of the box or pistol grip, they remain. There is an instant sharp disbalance of forces, why the shooting brush "shudders" on the butt, and this flinch is transferred to the rifle and "knocks" it. All of the above is called a "failure" of the descent, followed by a "pulling down" of the weapon, which significantly moves the bullet from the target.
To avoid such a "pull", the shooter must remember the following rule: only the index finger pulls the trigger, and all the rest (except the little finger) only hold the wrist on the weapon and do not take part in the trigger release. In order to make it all easier to do, there are specific methods of fixing the hand of the shooting hand on the butt of the weapon. For shooting from the store rifles, which have the classic shape of the butt, and for the shooting of automatic rifles that have a pistol grip, these techniques are somewhat different.

In either of these cases, the index finger is placed on the trigger by folding on the joint between the first and second phalanges. This is an obligatory condition, confirmed by centuries of practice. If you do not do this, but press the trigger with the first or second finger pads, the rifle will not be slightly lowered when you descend, but to stray to the right or to the left. The direction of pressure on the descent must be strictly along the axis of the barrel bore. In order to make it easier and the hand of the shooting hand does not "start" at the descent, you need to carry out the correct grip of the box with a brush of the shooting hand.
Different shooters have different lengths of fingers. Therefore, the position of the brush on the neck of the box should be chosen so that the elongated but not strained index finger with its first joint naturally lies on the trigger. This position of the brush on the butt needs to be remembered, fixed and made permanent for a particular shooter. Changing the position of the hand of the shooting hand leads to an unbalance of the trigger forces and uncontrolled breaks.
Starting from its main joint, the shooting finger should not touch the neck of the box tightly. Touching the shooting finger in this place during its work on the descent will necessarily cause minor weapon displacements and detachments in the most unpredictable directions.
When firing from combat automatic systems with a pistol grip, the principle of fixing a shooting hand is somewhat different. It is similar to the grip of the handle when firing a combat pistol. When working with a pistol grip, the first condition that must be strictly observed is the inadmissibility of touching the rifle's index finger with the index finger. Between the shooting finger, the butt and the receiver of the weapon there should be a backlash, as well as when working with the necklace of the magazine rifle. The thumb of the right hand should be firmly pressed against the handle surface. Its pressure on the latter occurs strictly perpendicular to its plane. The middle and ring fingers should press their first pads perpendicularly to the surface of the handle. The task of the little finger - just lie on the handle and do not interfere. "Inclusion" little finger necessarily "will include" the shoulder and pull the rifle somewhere to the side. The pistol grip should be tight, with medium force "planted" in the palm of the top down, so that there is no backlash between the weapon and the upper surface of the brush. The trigger should rest on the middle finger. This position of the hand on the rifle butt should remember - this is the position of fixing the palm on the pistol grip. If the pistol grip is covered, the hand should not be lowered, since the fixation point is lost. The hand, which is at different heights relative to the trigger, will inevitably provoke the operation of the shooting finger in different directions along the vertical, and this will inevitably affect the accuracy of the shooting.
When shooting from a magazine rifle in the prone position and from the knee, the right hand should rest on the neck of the bed and in no case should not participate in homing the weapon. In lying and kneeling positions, the weapon is guided by a properly oriented workpiece with the rifle support on the belt and the left arm. In the standing position, one way or another, the right hand is forced to engage in the retention of the weapon. As with lying and knee fabrications, the rifle is guided by the correct orientation of a stable, balanced workpiece. The role of the right hand is to tighten the butt in the shoulder. At the same time, it can with average force "attach" to the weapon from right to left.

Automatic systems in connection with the features of their technical devices are worse balanced and not so convenient in retention, as are conventional magazine rifles. Therefore, when firing a VDS rifle to hold it, you have to connect your right arm even in a prone position, not to mention shooting from the knee. The direction of the right hand effort should be closer to the shoulders.
The above-described ways of working the right hand on the butt and the force interaction of the fingers of the shooting hand greatly reduce the negative impact of the "failure" of the descent. It is noted that tight slopes have less "failure" consequences. Therefore, the arrows try to fill the trigger stroke after the "failure" with various devices: setting additional springs, rubber bands, etc. In sports practice, this is justified. In combat reality, such additions to the mechanism lead to a decrease in the reliability of weapons. Therefore, the shooter must develop his own "anti-spanking" physiological mechanism, which will always be with him. Arrows, working from combat systems, know how difficult it is to stop a finger when the whisper goes out of gear with the trigger of the trigger. The trigger does not hold anything, and it "falls through" back with the index finger.
To prevent this from happening, practice pulling on the trigger by flexing only the first joint of the shooting finger, without bending the rest of its part. Practice doing this by placing the tip of the bullet in place of the trigger. At the arrow trained to lower the trigger in this way, the finger after the descent does not bend and does not "break" back, but simply "rests against itself."
It is necessary to know that the simultaneous pressing of the trigger and the neck of the butt nearly doubles the descent, not to mention the displacement of the weapon.
It happens that the finger on the heavy descent of combat weapons "does not pull." This means that when you grab the right hand by the neck of the box or the pistol grip, the shooter "pinched" something. If there is such a flaw, you need to change the position of the right hand brush on the weapon. This situation is selected individually for a specific shooter. Sometimes, at the same time, short-fingered arrows use the so-called lateral grip with the right hand, without grasping with the thumb or the pistol grip on the left side. The palm of the right hand with the thumb is tightly attached to the gun on the right side. This position of the right hand on the butt is considered correct, but you still need to tightly press the pads of the middle and ring fingers on the left side of the butt!
Some arrows (especially women) with great success use the ideomotor method of releasing the trigger. They are very vividly imagining that some force presses on the shooting index finger from the outside, and they themselves imperceptibly produce a trigger even in heavy combat systems.

The descents of combat systems are very uncomfortable and unaccustomed to shooters-athletes. On different rifles of one system they are different: with broaches, "ladder", tight run. They are such in the manufacture, and can not be regulated. The working surfaces of the whisper and the action of the trigger for increasing wear resistance are cemented. When they are grinded by the nafile, the layer of cement is removed, the wear of friction surfaces increases, and at the most inopportune moment the rifle begins to fail. What is good in sports practice is unacceptable in combat use.
With very inconvenient descents of a combat weapon, the shooter somehow has to fight "one on one". If the rifle has a very long and lingering descent, without warning (a small extra effort before the trigger is detached from the sear), before the aiming delay of the breath, the stroke must be preselected at least halfway. This will save the shooter a lot of nervous energy, physical strength, and most importantly - the time allowed by the circumstances of the events for the shot. When aiming, the "selected" descent is "preliminarily compressed" at the required time. It's not difficult to unravel this - every shooter will quickly get used to his weapons, his balance and the features of the descent. Of course, you first need to practice idle.
Now attention! We proceed to the most important element of the trigger release. Remember: at the moment of "squeezing" the descent, its stroke should be smooth and constant, despite the "roughness" of the friction mechanism. For this, the force applied by the finger on the descent must be constant. The shooting finger should feel this effort, know this effort on its own, "apart from the head" and remember it with muscle memory! With this known effort, the shooting finger must self-trigger on the descent.
To the index finger knew the trigger force and the degree of its application, the trigger process should be made visible to the shooter. To do this, the firing finger is already wearing a well-known conical long paper cap, which plays the role of a pointer. The shooter, holding the rifle in front of him and not aiming anywhere, chooses an unnecessary (free) course of descent and, when he "presses" the descent, looks at the movements of the tip of the cap, as on the arrow of the device.
With a correct, uniform application of the same magnitude of effort to lower the movement of the cap will be uniform, if incorrect, with the application of varying strength - a jumplike. The movement of the pointer allows you to make the finger effort on the descent clear for the shooter. When the power sensations are conjoined on the finger with their clarity, remembering them with muscle memory is very effective. In the subconsciousness of the arrow a kind of "beacon" of muscular sensations is formed, and at the necessary moment the group of "shooting muscles" automatically, unconsciously leads to this "beacon" and works much better than under the control of consciousness. This is important for the sniper. There is a saying: "The shooter thinks with his eyes." A trained eye shooter "unleashes" an original shot program stored in the subconscious, which is triggered in the prescribed time period.

Well-trained work finger on the trigger, return to a sense of the state of the right hand. Check that you are tense or not. Perhaps the training slope, you forgot and began to "earn" the right hand on the butt. At one time about this insidious moment, which sometimes manifests itself even among the masters, was very well written by the master of sports of international class Yu Kudryashov in the article "Shooting from the prone position":
"It is necessary to try, that when the trigger is pressed, the operation of the index finger does not cause changes in the forces of the entire brush.Often often an uncertain pressure on the trigger leads to an inconspicuous arrow for the inclusion of the right hand in the work and, worse, the muscles of the right shoulder. A change in the muscular sensations.It seems that you press the trigger, but in fact, more and more compress the neck of the butt, and the error often extends to the right shoulder, which, when shot or shortly before it, begins to push unnoticed rifle butt. inevitable "bad shot in these conditions.
To the above, it is only necessary to add - this error manifests itself not only in the prone position, but also from the knee and when standing. In some weapons systems, as pressure is applied to the trigger, it is necessary to exert an increasing force due to the compression of the trigger spring. In this case, the pressing force on the trigger should increase smoothly, without jerking and without slowing down the trigger process. trigger the descent should be no more than 6-7 seconds.

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